Preventing Skin Cancer: Multicomponent Community-Wide Interventions
Multicomponent community-wide interventions to prevent skin cancer use combinations of individual-directed strategies, mass media campaigns, and environmental and policy changes across multiple settings within a defined geographic area (city, state, province, or country), in an integrated effort to influence UV-protective behaviors. They are usually delivered with a defined theme, name, logo, and set of messages. Programs vary substantially in duration and the breadth of included components.
Studies were eligible for this review if they included at least two distinct components that were either implemented in different types of settings (e.g., schools, recreation areas) or directed at an entire community (e.g., mass media campaigns).
Summary of Task Force Recommendations & Findings
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends multicomponent community-wide interventions to prevent skin cancer by increasing UV-protective behaviors, based on sufficient evidence of effectiveness in increasing sunscreen use. Some evidence also indicates benefits in reducing sunburns. Results for effects on other protective behaviors are mixed.
The Task Force recommendation was made in April 2012. It is based on evidence from a Community Guide systematic review published in 2003 (search period January 1966–June 2000) combined with more recent evidence (search period January 2000-May 2011). The Task Force now recommends this intervention based on sufficient evidence of effectiveness; they previously found insufficient evidence to determine effectiveness of this intervention.
This review was conducted on behalf of the Task Force by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice and policy related to tobacco use.
Read a summary of findings from the previous review or visit the Cancer Prevention and Control section of our publications page to access the complete articles. You can also subscribe to be notified as new materials on this topic become available.
The findings and results of this systematic review have not been published. Read other Community Guide publications about Cancer Prevention and Control in our library, including articles from the previous review.
The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC.
The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation: Guide to Community Preventive Services. Preventing skin cancer: multicomponent community-wide interventions. www.thecommunityguide.org/cancer/skin/community-wide/multicomponent.html. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.
Review completed: April 2012
- Page last reviewed: May 17, 2012
- Page last updated: May 17, 2012
- Content source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services