Cancer Prevention & Control
- Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, killing more than 553,000 Americans each year (CDC) .
- In 2006, the cost of medical care for cancer was an estimated $104.1 billion in the United States (National Cancer Institute) .
- More systematic efforts to expand use of established screening tests, reduce tobacco use and obesity, and improve diet and physical activity could prevent much of the suffering and death from cancer (ACS) .
- From 2004 – 2006, approximately half of colorectal and cervical cancer cases and one third of breast cancer cases were diagnosed at a late stage of disease; this could be partially explained by screening use differences (CDC) .
Community Guide Systematic Reviews
The Community Guide includes systematic reviews of interventions in the following areas:
Increasing Breast, Cervical, & Colorectal Cancer Screening
- Client-Oriented Interventions (e.g., group education, reducing out-of-pocket costs)
- Provider-Oriented Interventions (e.g., reminders, incentives)
Preventing Skin Cancer
- Education and Policy Approaches (e.g., primary schools, worksites)
- Interventions Targeting Children's Parents and Caregivers
- Community-Wide Interventions (e.g., mass media campaigns, community-wide programs)